Develop a thesis. Your thesis is your central argument, and your entire paper should be based upon your thesis. A strong thesis gives specific information about the topic you're addressing as well as your primary arguments. Give your primary reasons for your arguments and, if you are responding to a text, a brief statement of the author's arguments. For example, you might argue, "Kant argues that ethics are based on a categorical imperative, but this categorical imperative does not provide guidance for all ethical dilemmas." This statement provides a succinct summation of the argument and hints at the direction the paper will take.