Essay about 1976 soweto uprising

Sources and further reading

Ntongela Masilela: Black South African literature from the ‘Sophiatown Renaissance’ to ‘Black Mamba Rising’: Transformations and Variations from the 1950s to the 1980s

Cosmo Pieterse: Towards a Survey: A reflection on South African poetry

Priya Narismulu: “Our strength comes from poisoned wells”: the literature of self-criticism in the South African resistance struggle

Michael Chapman: The Possibilities of Imaginative Expression in A State of Emergency , The English Academy Review , February 1988

Desiree Lewis: Review of It All Begins: Poems From Postliberation South Africa

Essop Patel: ‘Mongane Wally Serote: poet of revolution’, Third World Quarterly , Vol. 12, No. 1, January 1990

Nicholas Meihuizen: ‘The Poetics of Violence: The parallel cases of Seamus Heaney and Mongane Wally Serote’ in (eds Patricia Lynch, Joachim Fischer and Brian Coates) Back to the Present: Forward to the Past, Irish Writing and History since 1798 (Editions Rodopi, 2006)


Yakhal ’ inkomo , AD Donker, Johannesburg, 1972
Tsetlo , AD Donker, Johannesburg, 1974
No Baby Must Weep , AD Donker, Johannesburg, 1975
Behold Mama, Flowers , AD Donker, Johannesburg, 1978
The Night Keeps Winking , Medu Art Ensemble, Gaborone, 1982
A Tough Tale , Kliptown Books, London, 1987
Third World Express , David Phillips, Cape Town, 1992
Come and Hope With Me , David Phillips, Cape Town, 1994
Freedom, Lament and Song , David Phillips, Cape Town, 1997
History is the Home Address , Kwela, Cape Town, 2004

On the Horizon , Congress of South African Writers, 1990
Hyenas , Vivlia, Johannesburg, 2001

To Every Birth its Blood , Ravan, Johannesburg, 1981
Gods of Our Time , Ravan, Johannesburg, 1999
Scatter the Ashes and Go , Ravan, Johannesburg, 2002

1973 - Ingrid Jonker award for the best poetry debut in English
1993 - Third World Express wins the Noma award for publishing in Africa
2003 - The English Academy of Southern Africa Medal for contribution to the English language
2004 - Pablo Neruda Medal for Writing
2007 - The Order of Ikhamanga in Silver
2008 - Third World Express selected for Africa Book Centre’s 100 Best Books of the Twentieth Century


The President of South Africa Awards Mongane Wally Serote The Order of Ikhamanga in Silver

Nicholas Meihuizen’s review Milk for amnesia and other local distillations

Peter Horn’s essay A Volcano in the Night of Oppression: Reflections on the poetry of Mongane Serote

M. Ayodele Heath’s essay Defining Black Consciousness: Mongane Wally Serote’s ‘What’s in This Black “Shit”‘?

Michael Chapman’s essay Soweto Poetry 2007 - Introduction

Freedom Park website

Poetry online

History is a Home Address
City Johannesburg
What’s in this Black Shit
The Actual Dialogue
‘Matshediso:Past Footsteps, and an extract from ‘no baby must weep’

Essay about 1976 soweto uprising

essay about 1976 soweto uprising


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