Nursing Care: Once a patient exhibits symptoms of TB, he or she is placed in a negative pressure room and droplet precautions are applied. An N95 mask must be worn at all times when in contact with the patient. N95 masks are worn at all times when in contact with the patient. Patients are placed in a negative pressure room and placed on droplet precautions. Medications are usually taken for 6 to 12 months with the sputum culture checked every 2 to 4 weeks. Provide adequate nutrition and hydration. Monitor vital signs and temperature. Provide periods of rest and limit activity. Visitors may be prohibited, especially children, while patients are on droplet precautions. Adhere to strict hand-washing guidelines and standard precautions.