While a Member of Congress need only be an “inhabitant” of the state he or she represents, the president must have been a “resident” of the . for at least 14 years. While the Framers’ intent in imposing this difference is not clear, some constitutional experts suggest they felt the president should have actually been present and living in the US for the required period of time, compared to an inhabitant, who may have lived in another country for most of their lives. On this, Justice Story once wrote, "by ‘residence,' in the Constitution, is to be understood, not an absolute inhabitancy within the United States during the whole period; but such an inhabitancy, as includes a permanent domicile in the United States."
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